Climate & Key Facts

Nicaragua’s ‘summer’ is known as the dry season which runs from December through to April, and the rainy season runs from June through October. Whereas May and November are ‘shoulder’ periods as one season evolves into the other from dry to rainy or rainy to dry.

Tropical in the lowlands, cooler in the highlands. Temperatures vary from 81-90°F (27-32°C) during the rainy season from May to October, and from 86-95°F (30-35°C) during the dry season from November to April. The climate in the western region of the country between the lakes and the Pacific Ocean is dry and has little precipitation. The eastern part is hot, humid and rainy.

Rainy season sees tropical rain where you get downpours for an hour or so most days, then it clears up refreshed. Often the rain can come at same time each day which could be at night time or evening – so Nicaragua still sees plenty of visitors in the UK and European and USA summer holiday period of July and August.

Up-to-date visa and entry requirements for Nicaragua can be found at 


British nationals can visit Nicaragua for up to 3 months without a visa. You may be refused entry if you don’t have an onward ticket out of Nicaragua.

For further information on entry requirements, contact the Nicaraguan Embassy in London.

Entry Tax

The entry tax is US $10 payable in US dollars on arrival as you pass through immigration and customs.

Passport validity

Your passport should be valid for a minimum period of 6 months from the date of entry Nicaragua.

The Nicaraguan authorities have confirmed they will accept British passports extended by 12 months by British Embassies and Consulates under additional measures put in place in mid-2014.

UK Emergency Travel Documents

UK Emergency Travel Documents (ETDs) are accepted for entry, airside transit and exit from Nicaragua. If you are using an ETD to enter Nicaragua, it should be valid for a minimum period of 6 months from the date of entry into Nicaragua.

Travelling with Children

Minors who hold single or dual Nicaraguan Nationality may require specific documentation to leave the country with one parent or a third party. Advice should be sought from the Nicaraguan Migration authorities.

Central America Border Control Agreement

Nicaragua is party to the Central America Border Control Agreement (CA-4).  Under the terms of this agreement, British tourists can travel within any of the CA-4 countries (Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvadorand Guatemala) for a period of up to 90 days without completing entry and exit formalities at border immigration checkpoints. This period begins at the first point of entry of any of the CA-4 countries. Fines are applied for travellers who exceed this 90 day limit, although a request for an extension can be made for up to 30 days by paying a fee before the 90 days limit expires. If you’re expelled from any of the four countries you are also excluded from the entire CA-4 region.

Yellow fever

Yellow Fever vaccination is required for travellers arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission.

For up-to-date advice on any vaccination requirements and any health risks associated with visiting Nicaragua, contact your local GP.

Additional useful Information is also provided at  an NHS web site specialising in providing health information to travellers from the UK.

For up-to-date UK government advice concerning travel to Nicaragua –

Major Credit cards are accepted at most hotels, restaurants and larger shops.

Nicaragua’s currency is the córdoba (C$), and also known sometimes as the ‘peso’ or ‘real’ by some locals. Córdobas come in coins of C$0.25, C$0.50, C$1, C$5 and C$10, and bills of C$10, C$20, C$50, C$100, C$200 and C$500. The larger bills over C$100 and larger can be difficult to change; but you may find petrol stations will give you change for a larger note.

$US dollars are widely accepted at bars, restaurants, hotels and retail outlets although you may receive change in Córdobas.  Note damaged dollar notes may be rejected. Travellers are advised to take small $US denomination notes such as $1 and $5 and $10 as people may not have change for larger $US notes. It is also advisable to always keep at least 200 córdoba on you, preferably in smaller bills for when spending in smaller outlets and/or anywhere remote.

Exchange Rates are subject to change at any time but the following table gives indicative rates for countries in Central and South America:

GMT -6 hours

Augusto Cesar Sandino International Airport, Managua (MGA)

Managua is the capital and the nation’s largest city, with a population of 1,262,978.

Other important cities include: León, Granada, Jinotega, Matagalpa, Chinandega, and Masaya.

Spanish is the official language and is spoken by the vast majority of Nicaraguans. English and indigenous languages are used along the Caribbean coast and in parts of the Atlantic coastal plain. Many Nicaraguans also speak some English.

110V AC 60Hz – same plug type as USA

Nicaragua’s population of 5,675,356 (2007 figure)

130,668 sq. km. (50,451 sq. mi.). Slightly larger than the state of New York, Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America.